Why circumcise Tatars and what are the reasons for this procedure
Circumcision of the Tatars performed for religious reasons. Tatars are a nation that overwhelmingly professes Sunni Islam. Muslims circumcise the foreskin at different times. It is best in early childhood (on the seventh day after birth), always before adulthood, since the rite symbolizes the maturation of a young man. From this moment, he acts as a man. On the other hand, if the moment is missed, circumcision can be done later.
Today, this procedure is not only a tribute to the traditions of the Tatars. Simple surgical intervention is officially called circumcision. It is performed by boys and men for medical reasons. Basically, this is the prevention of many diseases:
- inflammatory processes in the urinary tract,
- sexually transmitted diseases: HIV, human papillomavirus, it is known that HSV causes cervical cancer in women, therefore circumcision in the Tatars, like other nationalities, contributes to the preservation of the health of wives,
- penile malignant tumor.
Circumcision is also indicated if treatment for premature ejaculation is needed. Engorgement of the open head of the penis helps to reduce its sensitivity.
Circumcision is the only effective method of treating phimosis at any age, as well as paraphimosis. The first disease is a narrowing of the foreskin. Paraphimosis - pinching of the head.
Modern surgical techniques do not require a long recovery. When properly performed, the risk of complications is minimal. Contact a specialized medical center for qualified assistance.
Circumcision of Tatars men in our clinic
In the Andrologist03 medical center, circumcision of the Tatars is carried out. You can contact us for religious or medical reasons. In any case, specialists guarantee patients a professional operation with a preliminary examination.
It is necessary to exclude contraindications. The operation is not performed if the man has poor circulation, there are some malformations of the penis.
Doctors work with several modern cutting techniques. Conduct a standard surgical operation, use a laser or radio knife "Surgitron." The latter reduces circumcision soreness to a minimum. With any type of circumcision, specialists work with anesthesia.
Come to a preliminary appointment to discuss with the doctor all the details, choose the surgical method and find out the exact cost of the operation. Recording - by phone.
Short about circumcision
Circumcision is a surgical operation in which the foreskin is removed from the penis. This is done by cutting the flesh in a circle, where the name of the action comes from.
In modern times, circumcision is performed with a sharp medical instrument (scalpel) using anesthesia and a special protective screen that protects the head of the penis from an accidental cut.
On the other hand, circumcision done by a layperson can cause blood poisoning, pain shock and other troubles that are dangerous to the patient’s health and life.
The main non-medical reasons for removing the foreskin are religious traditions and the desire to achieve the aesthetic perfection of the appearance of the penis. Many religious movements identify circumcision with the divine conduct and connection of a man with the Most High. The issue of refusing circumcision in this case does not arise at all. But the age of the procedure may vary.
Equally important is the aesthetic factor. Circumcision is a modern fashion trend that has gained popularity in many countries of the world. Removal of the foreskin really gives the penis a more perfect appearance, facilitates hygiene procedures.
The tradition of circumcision among monotheists has been known since ancient times, which is recognized not only by Muslims, but also by the people of Scripture (Christians and Jews). Thus, the Bible says that the prophet Abraham (Ibrahim as) received from God the order to circumcise the male children.
This custom remains with the Jews until now, and is carried out on the 7th day of the infant's life. Christians replaced the circumcision of the flesh with a symbolic spiritual circumcision.
Muslims have a freer and more diverse attitude toward circumcision than other supporters of Abrahamism. Muslims also recognize that Ibrahim A.S. became the first to receive orders to perform this rite, but among scholars there is an opinion that circumcision is not obligatory, but desirable (Sunnat).
It is this opinion that is common among scholars of the Hanafi madhhab, to which most Tatars consider themselves.
But even those Muslims who consider circumcision to be obligatory do not usually name the exact time of the ceremony. Folk customs (adats) usually prescribe circumcision in adolescence as a sign of their transition to adulthood.
There is also a tradition according to which people who convert to Islam from other religions perform the rite in sign of this decision. But there is no strict custom to circumcise on the 7th day, as among the Jews, among Muslims.
WITHOUT PAIN - local anesthesia for 3 hours. The penis is not sensitive.
SECURE - urologist-surgeon with 10 years of experience
Outpatient - the next day you can work
COMFORT BANDINGS - special non-stick material
Menshchikov Konstantin Anatolyevich
urologist andrologist, genital surgeon
Specialization: phimosis, paraphimosis, genital surgery
Operation price: 22 500 rubles.
How it all began
In ancient Greek scientific literature one can find a description of the circumcision procedure that was practiced by the peoples of North-East Africa, and later by Asians. Such an interesting custom was born before the beginning of our era. Circumcision symbolized the transition from childhood to adulthood. In ancient times, this procedure was performed when the child became a teenager.
it is said: “May the foreskin of every man be circumcised. And it will become a sign of the covenant between you and Me (God) ... ”The Holy Book explains why circumcision is done to the Jews. But times have passed, and unusual traditions have remained. Now the boys do not need to prove their maturity and religiosity in such a "cruel" way. Why do circumcisions in the modern world? Such medical procedures continue to be performed for religious and hygienic reasons.
The argument is for circumcision:
- Extension of sexual intercourse and elimination of the problem of premature ejaculation - the head of the penis is characterized by increased sensitivity, however, after removal of the foreskin the skin becomes somewhat rougher, sensitivity decreases, due to which the duration of sex is prolonged.
At the same time, circumcision does not affect the brightness of sensations during orgasm and the quality of sexual intercourse,
- Visual lengthening of the penis - after the circumcision procedure, the appearance of the penis is somewhat modified, it looks longer,
- Hygiene - in the absence of the foreskin, the sebaceous secretions of the skin have nowhere to accumulate, which gives a significant hygienic effect. The penis no longer needs careful care. Peculiar odors disappear
- A tribute to tradition - many nations observe the circumcision procedure, as their ancestors did. Such traditions are enshrined in centuries-old practice and are mandatory,
- A tribute to fashion - circumcision is a very popular trend today. Every fourth man underwent this procedure. Moreover, not only countries of the Islamic and Jewish religion are taken into account.
For example, in the United States, more than 70% of men are circumcised.
So, the operation is becoming more and more popular, because it has a positive effect on the health of men, allows you to maintain religious and cultural traditions, and also has an aesthetic effect, which is important for many couples.
A bit of history
According to historical evidence, it is likely that the first circumcision was performed in ancient Egypt, in 2300-2400. BC: at the grave in Saqqara, an image of an adult circumcision ceremony was discovered.
Circumcision is believed to be a noble practice for the Egyptians, so much so that the sun god Ra himself was circumcised, closely associated with this people's obsession with hygiene, and probably also attributing the importance of prestige, purity and spiritual development, and for this reason it was carried out on the occasion of public ceremonies.
The ancient Inca, Aztec, and Mayan populations practiced circumcision.
However, it was not until the end of the 19th century that circumcision became a medical act thanks to an orthopedic surgeon named Sayre, who found this practice useful for treating children with motor impairments. Later, after reading his work, many other doctors adopted this technique for the treatment of the most diverse diseases, contributing to the rapid spread of the circumcision procedure (especially in America and England), until the first half of 900.
Circumcision is a common practice in some countries of the world, such as:
- United States,
- and some regions of Southeast Asia.
About 13 million men residing in these geographical areas are circumcised: these are people of Islamic or Jewish faith who were circumcised by children or young people.
Circumcision is also practiced in Russia, perhaps it is as widespread as in the rest of Europe and Asia. This procedure is also indicated in some cases limited to resolving health problems, such as the presence of phimosis or other diseases, as established by WHO (World Health Organization).
Besides medical indications, circumcision remains a widely debated practice in the Western world and even in some countries such as Finland, it is considered illegal.
Which nations are required to circumcise
First of all, it is the Jews. Religious custom is held on the eighth day after the birth of the boy. Only a circumcised boy is considered a Jew and “reunited” with God. Why do Muslims do circumcision? This custom also has religious motives and a medical aspect. Unlike Jews, Muslims do not observe the 8-day period prescribed for the ceremony.
The boy can undergo surgery in adolescence. The rite of initiation is among the Jews. All these peoples consider circumcision to be a necessary condition for the boy to join the "religious community." Only after fulfilling the prescribed covenant can a young man consider himself a full representative of his people.
Why circumcision is needed (meaning)
The Torah of the Hebrew Bible, the first book of Genesis, speaks of circumcision, which Patriarch Abraham practiced over his sons, over himself and over all the people of his house, hence the biblical commandment, according to which all descendants of Abraham are ordered to circumcise their children on the eighth day of life.
Even Jesus, according to the Gospel of Luke, was circumcised.
Therefore, among Jews, circumcision is a “sign of the covenant,” which allows each circumcised man to be a member of the “chosen people” and become pure and worthy to read prayers.
There is no mention of circumcision in the Qur'an.
Circumcision for Muslims is a Sunnah, a code of conduct written by the Prophet Muhammad in person, which talks about the circumcision that Muhammad committed against two nephews aged 7 years. Therefore, all Muslims are circumcised as a mandatory act of transition to puberty, and therefore only after they have completed this practice, men reach physical maturity and are ready to marry.
Even among the natives of Australia and Polynesia, circumcision is a ritual of initiation into adulthood. Although at first the significance of this was probably different, that is, the practice was a kind of sacrificial rite or “test of courage”, which was carried out for those who came into contact with these tribes on campaigns.
Reasons for circumcision in the 21st century
The main reason is phimosis. This is a disease in which the foreskin does not completely expose the male penis, which causes problems with urination and erection. A similar problem appears in boys due to elementary non-compliance with hygiene rules. In these cases, the child is prescribed a medical operation. Why do circumcisions for men in the modern world? Here are a few more reasons:
- to reduce the risk of developing cancer cells,
- for hygiene purposes,
- to reduce the chance of getting AIDS.
The medical benefits of this procedure have not yet been proven. Circumcision is a rather painful operation that is performed only under general anesthesia. This applies to adolescents. For infants, the procedure is traditionally performed without anesthesia.
When to be circumcised?
Jews circumcise children on the eighth day of life, with the exception of premature babies or serious health problems, which may delay the procedure.
This is a religious ceremony held in the synagogue or at home, in the presence of family and friends, and during which the child is given a name.
Circumcision of the penis with a scalpel, depriving it of the foreskin, is the responsibility of a specialist (usually a doctor) named Mohel, and the ceremony is called Brit Mila (which means "circumcision"). This practice is followed by a reading of blessings and prayers, as well as a banquet.
Among Muslims, as a rule, circumcision is practiced no earlier than after 6-7 years of life, when the study of the Qur'an is already completed, and the child takes the responsibility to pray alone daily, as well as to enter into engagement in adulthood.
Also in the Islamic world, circumcision is a religious ceremony held in the family or in front of the whole community.
In Africa (Nigeria, Sudan, Zaire, Uganda, South Africa, ...) circumcision is practiced in newborns.
Among Aboriginal people, circumcision is practiced by young people and is part of a series of numerous initiation rites (including scarification of the skin).
How is circumcision
The genitals are treated with a disinfectant solution, an anesthetic is injected into it with a syringe. A tourniquet is applied to the base of the penis, and as soon as it loses its sensitivity, the operation begins. The doctor removes the foreskin and sutures. Circumcision lasts about 20 minutes. At the end of the operation, the boy needs to walk with a bandage for 14 days.
After the stitches are removed, the patient may still feel discomfort for another 2 weeks until he gets used to new sensations. Having found out why the circumcision is done for the boys and how this happens, it should be noted that it is now fashionable to perform circumcision. But many medical departments in developed countries do not recommend carrying out the procedure without special need.
Circumcision is an operation that a doctor can perform:
- or plastic surgeon.
Local anesthesia (or general in children) and daytime inpatient treatment are provided.
Circumcision is a relatively simple procedure in which the foreskin is removed with a laser technique or a scalpel. Any bleeding can be stopped using heat (cauterization), and the edges of the residual skin are sewn together with absorbable sutures.
Circumcision for medical purposes can be performed if:
- premature ejaculation
- penile sclerosing,
- incomplete development of the urethra (hypospadias),
- narrowing of the urethra,
- chronic penile lymphedema,
- penile cancer.
In case of premature ejaculation, circumcision is associated with the removal of certain nerve fibers present in the head, which are responsible for the rapid achievement of sexual pleasure.
The appearance and sensitivity of a cropped penis
The male genital organ after circumcision usually looks, but its sensitivity decreases. But this has its own plus: a man excludes the possibility of rapid ejaculation, which means that sexual intercourse becomes long. Some women claim that circumcised boys in adulthood become great lovers.
On this basis, many begin to look for the answer to the question: “Why do circumcision for men and what are its advantages?” Some young people follow the fashionable trend and agree to the operation in order to improve the quality of their intimate life. However, as practice shows, sexually circumcised men are no different from “ordinary” men.
Within 3 or 4 days after surgery, discomfort and swelling is usually felt around the end of the penis, while the surgical wound heals completely within a month, during which it is not recommended to engage in sports or sex.
It is recommended to go to the hospital if:
- increased redness
- constant pain
- sensations of pulsation inside the penis.
These symptoms may indicate signs of infection.
It is usually recommended to apply petroleum jelly on the penis to prevent adhesion of the operated part to the panties, wearing light and loose clothing for 2 or 3 days after surgery will help to avoid irritation.
Urination usually does not cause any discomfort.
Journalists visiting third world countries often ask the same question to their mothers: “Why do girls circumcise?” And they always hear the standard answer: “This is a religious tradition.” But can religion really prescribe such torment for young beauties? It is known that in Iraq, mothers doom their daughters to circumcision, which is performed without anesthesia.
is a must. This is stated in the holy book - the Koran. Muslims believe that the ancient tradition does not deprive, but rather helps a woman get maximum pleasure from sexual intercourse. And yet, why do circumcisions for girls and women in the modern world? Doctors of medical sciences claim that if the operation is carried out correctly, then it will allow a woman to get satisfaction from sex.
- Sunnah is the most harmless way. During this operation, skin folds are cut around the clitoris, which makes it open and more sensitive.
- Excision is a popular but rather brutal method of female circumcision. During the operation, the clitoris and labia minora are removed. The purpose of excision is to deprive a girl of the opportunity to receive satisfaction from sex.
- Infibulation is the most cruel operation, which involves the removal of the clitoris, labia minora. The procedure is completed by stitching the labia majora, leaving a small hole for urination.
Excision and infibulation are still used in some Muslim countries. Why are women circumcised in these ways? To deprive them of the opportunity to enjoy sexual relations and provide the right to successfully marry. In addition, it is part of religious traditions. The holy books of the East say that circumcision of girls should be carried out on the 7th day after their birth.
Circumcision is a complete surgical procedure, and for this reason it is not without a possible poor outcome for the development of complications.
The risk of complications depends on various factors, including:
- the professionalism and experience of the person performing the circumcision,
- the place and hygienic conditions in which circumcision is performed (clinic, house, mosque, etc.),
- type of tool used to remove the foreskin,
- patient (age, known diseases).
In Western countries, complications after circumcisions performed for medical reasons and by specialized personnel are rare, and most men do not show any serious problems after the intervention.
In addition to the initial edema, possible bleeding and infection are the two most common problems associated with circumcision (estimated as a variable percentage between one in 10 cases and one in 50 cases).
The main risk in the long term is a decrease or change in the sensitivity of the penis, and this is one of the reasons why surgery is recommended only for medical reasons, in principle, this does not affect the ability to enjoy a full sexual life.
Possible additional complications reported in the medical literature are rare or almost impossible if the operation is performed by specialized medical personnel:
- bridle ulcers,
- scar adhesions
- narrowing of the urethra,
- genital hypersensitivity,
- painful intercourse during intercourse,
- difficulties in achieving pleasure during intercourse,
- tetanus (in newborns),
- penile tuberculosis,
- hepatitis B or C.
Female circumcision is called infibulation (from the Latin word fibula, which means "staple") and consists in removing the clitoris, small and large lips of the vagina and suturing the vulva, limited to a small hole to allow the passage of urine and menstrual blood.
Despite the law, infibulation is still widespread in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa and eastern Africa (Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, etc.).
The practice is conducted on girls or young women, usually aged 14-15, and is entrusted to women without a medical education (elderly women from villages, spiritual mentors or obstetricians), therefore, complications such as bleeding, acute urinary retention or serious infections can often occur .
These girls are subjected to genital cutting in poor hygienic conditions, without anesthesia and disinfectants, using fairly primitive tools (such as knives, razors, scissors, glass chamfers, etc.). This is a traumatic and very painful practice.
Nevertheless, the same women will impose infiltration on their future daughters: in fact, infibulation is rooted in the culture and traditions of the peoples who practice it, where it is a rite of passage to adulthood, which makes a woman spiritually clean, submissive and obedient to your man.
The essence of circumcision is understandable. One question remained unclear: “Is such an intervention necessary?” In modern society, circumcision is only advisory in nature. With proper male and female circumcision, patients can improve the quality of sexual relations. However, the healing process of such operations is quite painful and lengthy.
Circumcision should be performed only by highly qualified doctors in specialized clinics to exclude the possibility of infection in the genitals. But before deciding on circumcision, it is worth consulting a doctor. Perhaps this is not necessary, except for religious motives.
International health organizations and foundations recommend circumcision to all men living in countries with high percentages of HIV. However, circumcision is not able to guarantee safety during intercourse with a sick woman, it only reduces the likelihood that the man will also be infected.
Is the circumcision procedure mandatory for modern Tatars?
For modern Tatars, the procedure is not mandatory for the following reasons:
However, if a Tatar man professes Islam and wants to do the work pleasing to the Almighty, as well as if he takes care of his hygiene and health, then the circumcision procedure is desirable for him.
Think seven times, cut once: who, where and with what consequences does circumcision take place in Kazan
Circumcision - circumcision is considered a mandatory religious ritual among different nations. Today, ritual circumcision is common among men who profess Islam or Judaism.
Who is circumcising in Kazan? At what age can a similar operation be done? How much does the procedure cost and what may be the consequences? Answers to these and other questions in the report of IA "Tatar-inform".
At the request of the heroes, their names and surnames in the text are changed.
In 2014, a young family from Kazan decided to circumcise their three-year-old son. After consulting with each other, having weighed all the pros and cons, the young parents went to the Children's Republican Clinical Hospital.
“There we passed all the tests and afterwards were sent for surgery. The operation is complex, it is performed under local anesthesia. All these are tales that everything heals in a day and the surgeon’s hand is light. Healed everything for a very long time after the operation, but without consequences. We were released home that day.
Then we were at home for a week - wept, worried, everything hurt, swollen and swollen. But without consequences. A couple of times we even went to the DRKB to show up. Everything returned to normal after about two weeks, but at the same time the child calmly went to the toilet and did not feel pain, ”says Amira Safiullina.
One or two weeks - today such a period is given to almost all patients by specialists of the urological department of the DRCB for healing the organ after circumcision. According to doctors, before using the medical procedure to become the “right” Muslim or Jew, the child must pass a whole list of tests.
“This is the same operation as any other urological. Therefore, we send our little patients with their parents to all tests.
We do it from the age of three, because from this age anesthesia is also better tolerated, and the anatomically formed organ. The operation must be done under general anesthesia in order to avoid pain shock.
It can just cause serious harm to the baby, ”explains Shamil Takhautdinov, head of the urology department of the DRCB, Honored Doctor of the RT.
Amir decided to circumcise her youngest son almost immediately after his birth. According to her, the eldest son at three years old perfectly understood.
The boy realized that he needed to be tested, that he had to undergo surgery, he was worried. Therefore, the youngest son of the Safiullins decided to do circumcision in the so-called unconscious age.
After consulting with friends, we went to the "famous surgeon M".
“The youngest son was two weeks old. I made inquiries, found out that there is a famous doctor in the city who goes home and does circumcision. He was the only one at that moment, it seemed to me. No one else took it. He also circumcised the sons of my friends, everything was fine.
This doctor came to us, as I remember now, put the tools in a saucepan with water and set to boil. He asked me to leave, and told dad to keep his son. He took the scissors, cut and then darned, straight to the living. No anesthesia, no pain relief. How the baby was yelling! I cursed myself in the room, already anticipating some kind of trouble. Then he said to take the child.
The operation lasted about twenty minutes. He said that you need to sprinkle with powder and in five days everything will pass. He took 10 thousand rubles from us and left. He takes it all differently, he decides how much the procedure will cost. Then the child slept with me for a while and just started screaming when he goes to the toilet. He began to push, yell.
I suffered a day, the second and began to call this doctor to explain that our child can not go to the toilet. And he just stopped picking up the phone, and then the baby completely stopped going to the toilet. And we went to the DRKB. The surgeon, when he saw us, gasped. He said: “Well, what have you done?” As it turned out, the son narrowed the canals there.
It took another operation. We had a catheter, and so the son lived with him for a week until the canal expanded again, ”Amira recalls in horror.
As the Safiullins found out after the baby recovered, the "famous surgeon M" did not have a medical education. As far as the correspondent of the Tatar-inform news agency is concerned, the “surgeon M” is still doing circumcision at home, and the number of small patients with consequences after the procedure in the DRCB is increasing.
I managed to contact him by phone and find out how he conducts the operation and how much the service costs. As it turned out, one conversation was enough for him to find out everything necessary for a future operation at home. I recorded the whole conversation on the recorder.
“How dangerous this is - I can’t tell you, no doctor will tell you this. Even when brushing your teeth, you may have complications. Basically, I do it under local anesthesia, I make a bump under the skin. Well, the child will still cry, after the injection he no longer trusts us.
It will cost eight thousand. Complete blood coagulation test. Do you have any allergies? Keep in mind that coagulation changes two to three times a day. The procedure lasts 5-10 minutes. If you do not have inflammation, it will heal quickly. But I can only say this after.
About ten days will heal, maybe two weeks, ”the“ surgeon M ”advised.
The pseudo-surgeon refused to answer my questions about the experience, experience and possible consequences of the operation, explaining this with an excess of negativity in life.
“I’ve been studying for a long time, but, frankly, I don’t like to talk about myself, better ask those who gave you the number. If you are very worried, then I can not reassure.
All around me are experiencing, it's hard for me - so much negativity around. Therefore, if you are positive, if you have a desire, then I will be happy to help you.
I’m doing it on the seventh day, but here we’re just “popping” the solution, we won’t give an injection, ”the“ home surgeon ”noted.
Amira wrote a statement to the prosecutor’s office on M., after which the man began to beg her to pick up the statement.
“He started calling constantly, asked to take the statement, said that the family needs to be fed, in general, he began to whine. My child, thank God, remained alive, I thought and took the statement.
I am very sorry that I did this, and I tell everyone about it. Now I recommend everyone to do circumcision only after three years and only in the hospital.
Then it became clear that this “surgeon” has no certificates, no license, nothing, ”Amira continues.
As it turned out, the "surgeon M" is not the only one in Kazan who is engaged in such operations at home. There is no official advertisement for homegrown surgeons who cut babies at home.
Phone numbers and reviews can be freely found on the Internet on forums and social networks. Actually, that’s how I found two more men well-known in the circles of young parents.
I also recorded telephone conversations.
I found one of the "home surgeons" through the social network VKontakte. The man created a page on which he offers his services. “Get a comprehensive diagnosis of an oncological surgeon in 1 hour with a visit to your home for FREE!” Reads the announcement on the page.Calling him, I introduced myself as the mother of a two-week-old boy.
“We come to the house. By price? Did the child have any allergies? Everything is OK? Coagulability how? Did you have a pediatrician? Well, somewhere six to seven thousand. You need to call in advance.
Go to lidocaine. Let the therapist put a test. We do it carefully, anesthetize with a syringe, do circumcision and sew.
Heals for two or three weeks, depending on how you will care, ”T. explains the“ home surgeon ”
We found one more “doctor” going home, on the notorious Supermamki forum.
“How old is your son? Where do you live? Can we come? By price? We’ll agree there, Alla Birza. How much do you count? You yourself can pick me up, in which case? There, the skin is only trimmed, do you have allergies? If not, then good. We will only give him local anesthesia, and we’ll probably take it. And all, we will process with peroxide and powder.
When in infancy it is easier to handle, and at three years old it is more thorough and more frequent. Coagulability? No, no, it's all normal, we will stop the blood. Some have to sew up, and vascularize. I circumcised my sons, the eldest 15 already. I do it on the seventh and the second day even. Even the seventh is good.
The more often you treat the wound, the faster it heals, ”“ surgeon G ”also answers questions.
All three men with whom I spoke on the phone are today the most famous “surgeons” in Kazan who do circumcision at home.
Circumcision at home has serious consequences. As a DRCB doctor admits, at least one child with complications after circumcision at home is brought to the hospital every week.
“It is important to understand that circumcision in a boy’s foreskin is a serious operation. We do about four operations a week in my department, at the Ikhsan Center for Extrabudgetary Medicine (the center operates on the basis of DRKB. - Red.) a week to do from two to six circumcisions.
Such a service costs around eight thousand rubles.
Parents do not understand that this is actually a serious procedure, they don’t want to take all the tests, apparently they save time and go to private owners - to those who do circumcision at home, and then we correct the consequences of this non-medical circumcision, ”Shamil Takhautdinov explains .
In DRCB, by the way, each parent is given a list of what is needed to hospitalize the baby before the procedure. After the child has passed all the tests, he and his mother are placed in a separate room. In the morning, the surgeon performs an operation, monitors the condition of the baby all day, and by the evening, if everything is in order, the mother and baby are allowed to go home.
Tragic stories are still fresh in the memory of the inhabitants of Tatarstan. In 2010, in the Kazan village of Yudino, after a circumcision that a surgeon at a local clinic did at home, a five-year-old boy died.
Immediately after the operation, the child began to cramp, he died on the way to the hospital. As it turned out, the doctor doubled the dose of pain medication.
The court appointed the doctor one and a half years of imprisonment on probation; for another two years he forbade him to engage in medical activities.
In 2012, the day after the circumcision procedure, a month-old boy from the village of Zubairovo, Aktanyshsky region, died. The operation was performed by a 60-year-old surgeon not in a hospital, as it should be, but in a polyclinic, without conducting a proper examination in front of her. The doctor was sentenced to a year and five months in prison.
The circumcision medical service itself is referred to as simple medical operations and today it is provided in many clinics of Tatarstan.
However, the Republican Children's Clinical Hospital is the only clinic in Tatarstan that received the Halal Certificate of Medical Compliance issued by the Halal Standard Committee of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of the Republic of Tatarstan.
“According to state requirements, circumcision cannot be done before two years. From two years, hospitals are allowed to carry out this procedure.
Among Muslim scholars, there is some discrepancy regarding the preferred age for performing this ceremony, most often scientists say that it is undesirable to circumcise a newborn child, the age of 7-10 years is more suitable.
Also, it is not recommended to carry out circumcision with the participation of strangers after reaching puberty (adulthood), that is, you must try to perform it earlier than this time, which is connected with Islamic ethics - not to expose for good reason parts of the body that are forbidden to another person to look at, ” - explained in the Committee on Standard Halal DUM RT.
The existence of "home surgeons" who do circumcision at home in Tatarstan is called a serious problem by both doctors and religious leaders.
“We strongly recommend that you contact experienced specialists and contact specialized medical institutions. Now, a request for a Certificate has also come from Chistopol Hospital, ”the Halal Committee notes.
After circumcision, if required, the DRCB patients will be issued a “Sunnat Certificate”, which confirms the procedure in accordance with the requirements of Islam.
At what age to circumcise a child is an individual question. The main thing that doctors are asking for and what the DUM RT employees recommend is not to undergo operations at home, and only do them after the child is two years old.
Deciding where and when the baby will be circumcised is the right of each parent, most importantly, do not forget that the child has one health, and it is priceless.
Types of Circumcision
More often, such operations are performed by young boys. Why do circumcisions, it is understandable. It remains to be determined by what methods this operation is carried out. This custom has the scientific term circumcision. Circumcision is complete and partial. It depends on the amount of excised flesh. In the absence of problems with the genital organ, the boys are assigned partial circumcision, after which the head of the penis opens. If earlier circumcision was performed exclusively by the surgical method, then modern medicine is gradually abandoning it. Circumcision is increasingly performed using a laser under anesthesia. Such an operation is painless and without blood. Circumcision is usually performed in infants, boys, and adolescents. Why do circumcisions for men? The operation is prescribed for an adult for medical reasons. As a rule, the reason is sexual problems.
Types of Female Circumcision
- Sunnah is the most harmless way. During this operation, skin folds are cut around the clitoris, which makes it open and more sensitive.
- Excision is a popular but rather brutal method of female circumcision. During the operation, the clitoris and labia minora are removed.
The purpose of excision is to deprive a girl of the opportunity to receive satisfaction from sex. Infibulation is the most cruel operation, which involves the removal of the clitoris, labia minora. The procedure is completed by stitching the labia majora, leaving a small hole for urination.
Excision and infibulation are still used in some Muslim countries. Why are women circumcised in these ways? To deprive them of the opportunity to enjoy sexual relations and provide the right to successfully marry. In addition, it is part of religious traditions. The holy books of the East say that circumcision of girls should be carried out on the 7th day after their birth. In today's world, women practice the sunnah. During this operation, a small part of the female genitalia, located at the very top, is cut off. Why do circumcisions for women with this method? So that they can get the most out of sex.
Why do Muslims circumcise
Circumcision is a surgical operation that removes the foreskin in boys and men. This procedure has various goals: social, religious, medical, national. In Muslims, circumcision is one of the oldest religious rites. What is the reason for this tradition?
- How it all began
- Circumcision in Islam
- Reasons for circumcision
- Interesting Facts
In some nations, circumcision had religious purposes and was considered one of the rites of human sacrifice. The ancient tribes believed that it was better to immediately sacrifice part of their flesh to the gods so that they would not take you entirely. In other nations, circumcision had the character of a boy’s initiation into a man, recognition of his puberty. Thus, it was customary for most nations to circumcise boys aged 10-17.
Some Islamic scholars believe that circumcision is one of the obligatory rituals, while others attribute it to desirable procedures. But, in any case, this is part of the path of the prophet Muhammad and all the prophets preceding him. There are many traditions that mention the need for circumcision, but are not mentioned directly in the Qur'an.
Muslim circumcision is currently considered a national custom. The rite is usually performed with the consent of the boy’s parents before reaching puberty. But, for example, Turkish boys undergo this procedure at the age of 8 to 14 years, and sometimes even after adulthood.
Urban Arabs are usually circumcised at the age of about 5-6 years, and village Arabs - at 12-14 years of age. Many Islamic doctors and theologians agree that circumcision should be done as early as possible so as not to injure the psyche of the child. But circumcision in early infancy can be very dangerous.
After the circumcision procedure, the head of the family holds a celebration, as it is believed that his heir has embarked on the path of Muhammad. Usually this is a big feast at which all relatives are present. From a medical point of view, circumcision reduces the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, diuretic system, and penile cancer.
From a hygienic point of view, circumcision prevents the development of harmful microorganisms and the development of an unpleasant odor. From a national point of view, Muslims say that circumcision makes them unlike other peoples, that it is a symbol of Islam.
Islamic scholars believe that the most appropriate age for circumcision is the seventh day after birth.
Muslim girls can refuse a marriage if they find out that their groom is not circumcised.
Many Muslims have decided to carry out the circumcision procedure at home, rather than in a hospital. Therefore, deaths after operations due to unsanitary conditions are not uncommon.
Jews are one of the most ancient peoples, having centuries-old traditions passed down from generation to generation, each of which involves a certain rite. One of the most significant rituals that every Jewish man must go through is the rite of circumcision.
From the point of view of medicine, circumcision is a surgical operation in which the foreskin is removed on the male genital organ. According to some researchers, the practice of circumcision has existed in many nations and goes back to ancient times, but there is still no single justification and explanation for this. why this rite was performed. Some sources indicate that he was associated with the initiation ritual - the transition of a young man to adulthood and recognition of puberty, in others - simply for reasons of personal hygiene.
According to Jewish tradition, this rite is religious in nature and is an integral part of the transition to Judaism for men, their recognition as the son of God.
Brit mill, that's what the term circumcision is called among Jews, can be performed by Jewish men of any age, but most often it is usually carried out on the eighth day after the birth of the baby. It is believed that after a week the child has time to grow stronger enough and you can determine how healthy he is and is ready for this procedure.
By this time, the mother of the newborn, allowed from the burden, will be able to fully participate in the joyful event. But if the newborn is sick or not strong enough, Jewish law allows the removal of the foreskin even after complete recovery, at any age.
According to Jewish religious traditions, circumcision should take place in the synagogue. Lawmakers recommend performing the rite before sunset or early in the morning, as it is believed that such an act shows the desire to fulfill the commandment as soon as possible. Most often, the sacrament occurs immediately after morning prayer.
As a rule, a moel, a specially trained person with medical training, is assigned to perform this ritual. If this is not the case, then the operation can be performed by an ordinary surgeon in the hospital, but always in the presence of a rabbi. Besides moel, a sandak, the godfather of the baby, takes part in the procedure.
During circumcision, it is he who holds the boy on his lap. Being a sandak is very honorable, therefore, parents try to choose a righteous person for this role, who will later take care of their child and serve as an example. According to custom, before the procedure, all those present receive the blessing of both the rabbi and the godfather.
After completing the rite of circumcision, guests and relatives congratulate happy parents on a significant event, and at the same time, the boy is called the traditional Jewish name.
Medical articles on the Site are provided solely as reference materials and are not considered sufficient advice, diagnosis or a treatment method prescribed by your doctor. The content of the Site does not replace professional medical advice, a medical examination, diagnosis or treatment.
The information on the Site is not intended for independent diagnosis, prescribing medication or other treatment. In any circumstances, the Administration or the authors of these materials are not responsible for any losses incurred by the Users as a result of the use of such materials.
What does Islam say about circumcision?
Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin of the male genital organ. According to some theologians, circumcision is close to obligatory (wajib), or desirable (sunnah) according to others, the prescription of Islam. The circumcision of boys in Islam is called "Sunnet", which once again emphasizes the importance of this prescription.
Numerous hadiths indicate the need for circumcision. It is reported that one person came to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and said: "I have accepted Islam."
Then the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) commanded this man: “Throw off the hair of unbelief (that is, shave your head) and circumcise” (Ahmad and Abu Daud).
Also, al-Zuhriyi (may Allah be pleased with him) conveyed the words of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever accepted Islam, let him circumcise, even if he is an adult” (Harba).
Another argument in favor of the statement that circumcision is close to binding is the tradition of the prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him), who circumcised at the age of eighty (Bukhari and Muslim).
Scientists are of the opinion that circumcision should be performed before puberty, before becoming a mucallaf (adult) and is obliged to perform all the duties assigned to him. One hadith says that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) slaughtered the sheep for Hassan and Husayn (may Allah be pleased with them) and circumcised them on the seventh day after birth (Baykhaki).
- Besides its religious importance, circumcision is useful from a medical point of view.
- Religious meaning:
- - circumcision - the "symbol" of Islam,
- - this is following the path of Ibrahim (Abraham), the father of the prophets (peace be upon them),
- - it is a criterion for distinguishing a Muslim from followers of other religions (with the exception of Jews),
- - this is the fulfillment of the instructions of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
- Medical and hygienic indications:
- for those who did not circumcise, smegma accumulates under the foreskin of the penis. This fluid is a fertile nutrient medium for pathogens. After trimming, the rim of the head remains open, which helps to maintain cleanliness,
- circumcision also saves children from the danger of diseases such as phimosis and paraphimosis,
- The results of recent clinical and epidemiological studies indicate the positive effects of circumcision on men's health. Scientists have found that in uncircumcised men, inflammation of the urethra is more likely to occur.
Infection affects primarily the foreskin. Sometimes in such cases, you have to resort to circumcision for medical purposes. According to the same American scientists who examined more than 200 thousand.
men, it was found that an infection of the genitourinary tract is 11 times more common in men who did not circumcise than in those who underwent this procedure,
- - According to the report of Herzog and Alvarez, circumcision of the boys saves them from infections that can lead to further development of cancer of the penis. In addition, doctors came to the following conclusions:
- - Among circumcised men, the probability of contracting AIDS through heterosexual contact is reduced by 8 times,
- 12 times less chance of infections of the urethra,
- - those who were circumcised as a child never have cancer of the penis (among the uncircumcised, one out of 900 falls ill)
- - about 18% of uncircumcised boys under the age of 8 suffer from diseases of the genital area, to which their circumcised peers are not exposed,
- - 1 out of 100 men needs to have circumcision as an adult for medical reasons (note that circumcision is much harder for adults)
- - a woman who has sexual intercourse with a circumcised man is less likely to get cervical cancer.
Of course, the operation should be carried out by a specialist in conditions that meet the necessary sanitary requirements. Currently, scientists have even invented a special device with which the foreskin is clamped for several days, after which it disappears by itself.
How does circumcision in Muslims
Circumcision - or, simply, circumcision - is a surgical procedure in which the foreskin of the penis is circumcised. In general, the concept of "circumcision" appeared a very long time ago, back in the 3rd century BC and was successfully carried out as a ritual ceremony in ancient Egypt.
Then this ceremony was done not by newborns, but by rather mature guys who were 14 or 17 years old (each nation has different ways).
This rite symbolized entry into adulthood, in which there is a place for sexual relations, and this, as it were, gave permission for marriage.
Some tribes circumcised the boys as a tribute (sacrifice) to the evil gods. It was believed that it was better to immediately give a small part of oneself to the gods, so that in the future they would not fall into their hands entirely.
Circumcision was originally a pass to adulthood, the right to marry, and official recognition of puberty. Interestingly, the Hebrew word for “hatan” - “bridegroom” is cognate with the Arabic “hitan” - “circumcision”. But, the rite of circumcision among Muslims and Jews carries more religious significance.
Another opinion was voiced by the ancient Greek philosopher - Philo, who lived in the 1st century. It is quite curious. From Philo’s point of view, circumcision is “cutting out passions.” The penis of a man serves as an instrument of love, and the procedure for circumcision of the foreskin cripples this instrument.
That is, the circumcision procedure serves as a limiter of passion. Philo believed that having crippled the instrument of love (causing injury), a man receives a grave injury, and making love for him turns into torment.
Scientists have proven that the circumcision procedure does not in any way affect a man's ability to enjoy sex.
The procedure for circumcision for good reason appeared precisely in countries with a hot and dry climate. Uncircumcised men are extremely difficult to monitor their hygiene in such conditions and that is why they often get sick, because the speed of inflammatory processes in a hot climate increases significantly.
The circumcision procedure played the role of, so to speak, automatic protection - “fool-proof”.
Often, slaves were subjected to this procedure in ancient times. It was believed that people with impaired dignity were much easier to control and accustom to the idea that if the owner took his flesh once, the second time he would not stop and might require cutting something much more important as punishment.
This ancient holiday rite is practiced in Judaism (Brit Mila), the initiation of a boy into a man, was performed even before our era.
On the 8th day of life, in the morning, the newborn was brought to the moel, who circumcised taking into account medical and religious prescriptions. Thus was cleansing of filth, obedience and willingness to serve God was emphasized.
This practice is also practiced by Muslims, where it is prescribed to perform this rite before the age of 13.
It was widely distributed in Egypt and Africa, and later spread worldwide. According to statistics, 80% of men underwent this procedure in America. In latitudes with a hot climate, circumcision is mandatory.
Removing the foreskin also had hygienic significance. The process was carried out as follows: the foreskin was completely removed. A pressure bandage was applied to the penis, which stopped the bleeding.
By the way, the newborn received the name not after birth, but after circumcision. The procedure was performed by a specially trained Jewish man - a mohel - who, too, must be circumcised.
Hygienic circumcision is the removal of the foreskin in order to prevent possible future complications.
Before talking about hygienic circumcision, let's figure out what the foreskin is and what functions are assigned to it. Is it really useless for the male body?
The foreskin is one of the oldest anatomical formations of living things on Earth. It developed in primates (which includes humans and some monkeys) at least 65 million years ago.
The foreskin is an organic part of the penis that serves to protect the scalp and mucous membrane of the meatus (the external opening of the urethra) from external influences. In addition, the foreskin is like a supply of skin, which is required when the penis enlarges during an erection.
In the skin of the foreskin there is a huge amount of tactile, touch-sensitive receptors that belong to the class of the most sensitive, characteristic, for example, of the fingertips. And the head of the penis has a significantly lower sensitivity, comparable, for example, with the sensitivity of the sole.
Now it’s clear why when removing the foreskin, the duration of sexual intercourse increases, which is even recommended for men suffering from premature ejaculation. Reducing the quantity and quality of tactile receptors prolongs sexual intercourse, but at the expense of reducing the intensity of sensations.
- Painful shock. Circumcision is done to newborns without anesthesia, from which they experience strong pain.
- Hygiene issues. When the child’s age is very small, the boys' genitals, or rather his head, is cleaned independently. And after circumcision, you need to carefully care for the head of the penis, since skin folds in the frenum are the place most susceptible to the development of bacteria.
- Ethical Controversy. In the 90s, organizations for the protection of human rights actively defended the rights of people. Since an infant cannot express its position, circumcision in infants must be prohibited.
Feedback on the operation depends on the age at which it was performed. A genital organ without circumcision would be slightly larger than when it was already performed. This is due to the fact that the hormone dihydrotestosterone is produced in the skin of the penis, which depends on how the genital organ develops. This fact gives ground for thought. Some men are not ready to accept such "cons."
At the time of Khomeini (the end of the 20th century, Iran), girls who were not married before the age of 20 had their breasts cut off ... The ruler of Iran even ordered the liquidation of journalist Oriana Fallaci, who dared to publicize it. The same was practiced by the Taliban in the 90s. Satisfied your sadistic curiosity?
Let's continue !? Further worse!
In Israel, Palestinians do not hate Jews, but their way of life - a European way of life. This hatred in Palestinians has been raised since childhood, the process goes on from generation to generation: the son of a slave is also a slave.
The West Bank and the Gaza Strip live off alms from Muslim donor countries and the Israeli economy - most Palestinians work in Israel, as on the Shore and in the Sector there is neither infrastructure nor enterprises, nothing but martyrs, prayers, mosques and Islam.
For a terrorist attack, a shahid’s family receives from $ 10,000 to $ 25,000, but if you give this money to a living, healthy man, he will probably be able to find them worthy use, maybe even open his own business.
However, huge amounts of money are still being spent on the organization of the explosions, the economy of Gaza and the West Bank is not developing, millions of uneducated, medieval (according to the Muslim calendar it’s either the 15th, or the 16th century) and wild people march around the mosques, standing in line to get a shahid belt.
Numerous Islamic groups terrorize India, the Philippines, Indonesia, protesting against the economic upsurge of the "new Asian" countries, against a civilization that does not accept their wild customs. Why do they need freedom and civilization, because they have Islam, and this means "humility."
Currently, the World Health Organization recommends male circumcision.
Today circumcision is the most common surgical operation in the United States, about 80% of America’s newborn boys undergo it. In Israel, this figure is 98%.
The WHO policy is based on research from Central Africa that circumcision significantly reduces the risk of HIV infection.
Have you or your friends been circumcised, and how do you feel about this, write in the comments.
Male circumcision, or scientific circumcision, is a surgical procedure that involves excision of the foreskin and in most cases has a religious basis. Almost every third representative of the male population of the planet goes through this difficult and painful test.
For most of us, the word "circumcision" is associated with one of the oldest religious rites among Muslims. But not always excision of the foreskin of the penis is a tradition of worship, there are times when circumcision is a necessary measure in terms of medical evidence or social beliefs.
Why are Muslims circumcised?
For Muslims who believe in Allah and his prophet, circumcision is an integral part of the spiritual path, a symbol of faith, cleansing from earthly vices.
This rite has been held for many millennia, but today there is much debate about its need, because the Koran does not mention the circumcision.
According to the holy book, man is the perfect creation of Allah, and therefore does not need any artificial modifications. But at the same time, many legends not only describe the circumcision procedure, but also mention the importance of carrying it out.
Adherents of the rite consider the removal of the foreskin a special mark on the body of a man, which testifies to God's protection. By cutting off the "excess" skin around the penis, the Muslim thereby gets rid of anger, envy, anger, hypocrisy, pride, etc. In return, the circumcised man receives the love of great Allah.
Why do Muslims circumcise? The answer is quite simple: in fact, the ceremony is carried out in order to eradicate all the bad and protect against evil.
In addition to religious beliefs, this rite has many undeniable social and medical advantages, namely:
- Dissimilarity to other nations. For Muslims, circumcision is the fulfillment of a commandment, a ritual sacrifice that makes them special in terms of religious beliefs. In addition, the men who pass this test become full-fledged citizens of their country. And besides, many Muslim women refuse to marry an uncircumcised Muslim.
- Circumcised men are much less likely to have sexually transmitted and infectious diseases of the genitourinary system. In addition, excision of the foreskin is an excellent prevention of pathologies such as phimosis and paraphimosis, as well as cancer.
- Hygienic considerations. For good reason, the circumcision procedure was started in countries with a hot and arid climate. The fact is that it was rather difficult for uncircumcised men to observe all the rules of hygiene in such climatic conditions, therefore they were often ill, complained of bacterial and inflammatory diseases, and the procedure for excision of the foreskin made it possible to avoid these problems.
- Improving the quality of sex. In a circumcised man, the sensitivity of the glans penis is slightly reduced, this helps to prevent premature ejaculation and increase the duration of sexual intercourse.
At what age are circumcised?
The Muslim tradition, involving the excision of the foreskin of the penis, does not have any age restrictions. However, the spiritual successors of the Prophet Muhammad recommend that the procedure be carried out as early as possible, preferably during infancy, of course, if the child’s health allows.
According to Muslim legends, the founder of Islam (Muhammad) circumcised his grandchildren on the seventh day after their birth, that is what true Muslims do.
Although the period of the procedure can range from birth to adulthood, Islamic theologians do not recommend excising the flesh at the age of 3 to 7 years, since during this period the religious tradition can become a psychological trauma for the boy.
Can circumcision be done as an adult? According to the Muslim religion, circumcision can be done by every man who converted to Islam, regardless of age. When converting to the Muslim faith, this is not a mandatory measure, however, if a newly-made Muslim wants to strengthen his connection with Allah, then chitan (circumcision) can be performed at any age.
How is circumcision performed among Muslims?
So we come to the most important thing - the actual circumcision.
Unlike Jews, Muslims do not have regulated rules for circumcision, so the ceremony can be performed at different times and differ in the methodology of conducting, while all Muslim theologians agree that the foreskin should be excised so that the head of the genitals remains bare.
If the procedure is carried out during infancy, then during surgery, anesthetics are not recommended. The fact is that for a baby it is quite difficult to calculate the dosage of the drug, so the use of anesthesia at such an early age can end up very sad.
But at an older age local anesthesia is permissible. It is worth noting that many adult Muslims refuse anesthesia, considering it a weakness that is not permissible for this legitimate.
For them, circumcision without the use of pain medication is proof of their willpower and stamina.
In most cases, Muslim boys and men are circumcised by qualified doctors in a clinical setting, but home care is also possible. A religious event can be held in different ways:
- "Guillotine". During the operation, the doctor maximally pulls the foreskin of the penis, and then fixes it in a special device that looks like an ancient death instrument, that is, a guillotine, the falling blade of which cuts off part of the "extra" skin.
- Clipping with a clamp. A special ring-shaped clamp is installed on the penis, then the doctor cuts off the foreskin along the edge of the device. To avoid bleeding, the clamp after surgery remains for some time on the genitals.
After the completion of the religious ritual, festivities are held in which all the relatives and friends of the circumcised boy or man are present.
Although today this procedure is practiced less often among Muslims than among the Jewish peoples, nevertheless, many cultures welcome it and consider it the norm for proper religious education.