What does the beard among the Slavs mean?
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and why in no case could we be deprived of it:
-,. Meaning of the word: BEARD - wealth of the clan! The thicker and longer the beard, the stronger and stronger the genus, the more offspring it has and the stronger the connection between generations.
- V. Beard gives courage. Until the beards began to grow among the soldiers, they were not allowed into the forward detachments, on the battlefield. Maybe, of course, it’s just a self-hypnosis that if you are assured from childhood that your beard will make you fearless, invincible and will protect you from an arrow striking at noon, then it will be so! We are what we believe in! Yes, even just look at the gloomy man with a beard, he looks a hundred times more dangerous than freshly shaved.
- G. Spiritual growth without a beard is not possible. A man is a bearer of the spirit of the race. (This kind of extension is prolonged, the husband gives the children a spirit, and the mother a body.) A husband who wears a beard has spiritual strength. And as a woman of God hears through the hair on her head, so a man receives the feeling of God through the hair on his beard. Beard gives a strong intuition, which helps to solve the most difficult situations. For information, the Holy Fathers believe that a shaving beard thereby expresses dissatisfaction with his body, which the Lord endowed him with. And the decree of Peter I on the prohibition of wearing beards of church servants did not concern. Although before this decree the church itself considered shaving beards a sin and did not bless beardless people. In the Old Believers, barbarian is called the criminal and is revered as heresy. Shaving was forbidden in the Old Testament. Shaving was forbidden by the rules of the Sixth Ecumenical Council. It was forbidden to shave beards with patristic writings. “On the benefits of the beard among priests” by Valerian (1531), a treatise specifically on this subject is known - “The Apology of the Beard” by Burchard Bellevossky, written in the 1160s and found in 1929.
- D. Beard is an affiliation to the divine city. God created man in his own image and likeness, which means that the beard is an integral part of his image. In Vleskneig it is written: “Our gods are the essence of our Fathers, and we are their children, and we will be worthy of the Glory of our Gods, and we will do many good deeds, and to the glory of our genera, three times more than the hair of our brotherhood. In general, love of love is one of the main virtues of a Russian person: a beard needs to be cherished and cherished, carefully cultivated and treated with respect.
- E. Wisdom lives in a beard. The ancient Greeks also spoke of the great power of the beard - every adult man, without exception, wore a beard as a sign of gaining wisdom. The beard was released with pleasure, and shortly sheared (but not shaved!) Only as a sign of mourning.
- J. Beard is a spiritual connection with ancestors and free-thinking. In the ancient world, and not only among the Slavs, if it was necessary to subdue, subjugate someone, then his beard was cut off. A person who is deprived of such a powerful source of energy loses his spiritual connection with his ancestors and freethinking, his mind is clouded, and he can be controlled as you like.
- Z. Beard is a symbol of power, a symbol of the owner. A man in the world of his house is the personification of God, and only he should be the first to conceive. A man without a beard was considered effeminate and incapable of creating a family, procreation.
In ancient Egypt, in general, it was forbidden to wear a beard to everyone except Pharaoh - it symbolized the sole power and possession of land. Pharaoh, as it were, appeared in the image of a male father, and all his people became a "woman" - a reproducer of blessings.
- I. Beard is an honor. From the description of Adam Alearia, a traveler to Russia in 1634 (translation): “Men in Russians really respect long beards and thick bellies, and those who have these qualities have great respect for them.” In all tales and epics, everyone to whom respect is shown, sages and heroes - with a beard. And old Khottabych fulfilled desires with one hair from a beard. And Santa Claus is not without a beard.
In 1757, M.V. Lomonosov even wrote an ode to the forbidden attribute - “Anthem to the beard”, which caused the indignation of the royal family.
The Importance of Beard in Men
In the modern world, it’s easy to understand what a beard means for men. It has some similarities with Slavic concepts. For example, the stronger sex feels courageous, braver and more confident. Facial hair helped a person feel like a real man.
However, now the guys wear it because it is a fashion trend. Many movie stars and famous people grow their hair and give them a creative shape. This is a huge incentive to transform your appearance according to fashion.
There are other reasons why facial hair is grown in the modern world:
- They want to show their superiority over a woman. To show a clear difference from the opposite sex, a strong sex does not shave facial hair. Since the boundary between a man and a woman is erased, this is a good way to dot all.
- Those who work as hipsters are simply required to wear such an accessory. This indicates how much they love their work and whether they can give practical advice on caring for a beard.
- Religion also affects hair regrowth. For them, it is a matter of devotion to God, therefore, under no circumstances do believers shave off facial hair.
- Origin and nationality greatly affects the appearance of a person.
Coming out of this, each person has his own reasons why he does not shave stubble. Thanks to new technologies and fashion, each representative of the stronger sex can choose the beard that he likes and take care of it on his own. Specialists help you choose the right shape and color of hair.
Why did the Slavs grow a beard?
The Slavs put a great deal of importance into the significance of the male beard. This decoration was a symbol of masculinity, maturity, dignity and honor.
There are several reasons for the growth of facial hair.
- Pass to heaven. The patriarchs encouraged Christians to imitate Christ in everything, even in his appearance. Since Jesus wore a beard, all believing men who want to enter the kingdom of heaven should also wear it.
- Sign of strength. The density, length and shape of the vegetation on the face spoke of the strength and masculinity of a man. If the facial hair was thick and voluminous, then this indicated that the representative of the stronger sex could give good offspring and protect their homeland. When a Slav was shaved off his hair was equated with deprivation of honor.
- Decoration. Men could attract the attention of society, thanks to facial hair. She helped hide her excitement.
- Free man symbol. Priests, merchants, wealthy peasants and academics wore this jewelry to emphasize their independence and freedom.
As you can see, the Slavic beard is not just decoration, its presence spoke a lot about the condition of the man, his views, character, faith and attitude.
Despite the old traditions, Peter I made some changes. He taxed every man who wanted to wear facial hair. Such cash deductions were divided into four categories. Because of this, over time, the significance of this symbolism for a man has lost its strength.
A beard without a mustache among the Slavs
Some historians say that our ancestors had a beard without a mustache. This feature is due to the fact that it is the beard that gives masculinity and courage. The mustache was considered just decoration, they did not make any sense.
Mustache testified to belonging to an honorable or famous family. Such an accessory was allowed to wear only very famous and wealthy men. They emphasized the peculiarity and condition of the stronger sex.
If a person had a red beard, then they were very proud of this hair color. This was by no means ridiculed. This hair coloring was a symbol:
- The ability of a man to provide for his family,
- Strong character of the owner.
To such persons, people showed deep reverence.
The meaning of the symbolism of our ancestors
Looking into history, we learned that the beard among the Slavs was of particular importance. Her presence testified to the maturity, masculinity and freedom of the stronger sex. Now everything has changed. Guys wear such an accessory to stand out from society and give their image an originality. This jewelry attracts the attention of many women.
Above the Greeks, but not Giants
In the middle of the last century, near the village of Krasnoe Selo (Belarus), a skeleton of an adult male was found to be 170-175 cm tall. The features of his face coincided with those that scientists attribute to the Slavs who settled in this area in the X-XII centuries: this is a Caucasian person, nosy, with a nose bridge of medium width. That is what many Slavs looked like many centuries ago. There was no doubt that we are talking about the remains of a Slav.
As a result of extensive studies of this and other skeletons, modern scientists have found that the average height of the Slav was about 170 centimeters (for a man — slightly higher, for a woman — slightly below this mark), and the size of shoes for Slavic men was most often equal to the modern 44th .
By the way, according to scientists, the ancient Greeks were lower than the Slavs, and the ancient Jews were of the same height, but they had longer arms.
Typical Slavic face: what is it?
As you know, the Slavs scientists are divided into several groups, and each has its own external features. If we talk about the Slavs who lived many centuries ago in the territory of modern central Russia, Ukraine and Belarus (White-Baltic, East European and Pontic types), then we can highlight common features. His face was bright, his eyes were gray or blue, his skin color was light. Some showed Mongoloid features acquired during the Neolithic period (full lips and folds on the upper eyelids, noticeable in more adulthood).
Representatives of the Pontic and East Slavic type (the territory of modern Russia, Ukraine) more often had brown eyes and darker hair, the face was narrower, and the White-Baltic Slavs who lived north had lighter skin and a smaller nose.
The following tendency was also revealed: the closer the Slavs settled to the north, the narrower their skull was, and their eyes were almost always gray or blue.
Researcher Olga Emelyanchik, who, along with her colleagues, was engaged in research on the burial of the 10th – 18th centuries. in the Mogilev region and Minsk, I was able to trace how the appearance of the Slavs of this area changed over 1000 years. Initially, the elongated skull gradually became round (a clear effect of the addition of Tatar blood), the skeleton became thinner, and the jaw became smaller. As for the forehead, it has already become. The eyes of the Slavs also changed: over a thousand years they became more rounded and “moved” a little lower.
But the Slavs did not lose their characteristic nosiness during this period, although the bridge of the nose became flatter. In general, scientists noticed that over a thousand years the Slavs began to smooth out
The ancient Slav did not have a beard?
In many historical novels, the ancient Slavs are depicted as long-haired (and the hair is tied with braid) and with a long thick beard. Scientists have concluded that this is not so.
The first discrepancy with the above image is the ancient gods of the Slavs. As you know, people usually try to portray anthropomorphic deities in their own image and likeness. So, among the most ancient images of Slavic gods, long-bearded characters are almost never found, but there are no long-haired characters at all. But barbel in pagan iconography of the Slavs is. As for the Russians, in the early centuries they worshiped the "golden-eyed" (but not the long-bearded!) Perun, and he, besides the mustache, was sometimes portrayed with a forelock, which in our time is associated with the folklore image of the Ukrainian Cossack.
The fact that the most ancient Slavs did not usually have broad beards was also confirmed by archaeological figures found in the Dnieper region of the Antnian period (the so-called Martynovsky treasure), which are beardless but mustachioed men with short hair.
To wear long hair for a Slav was initially considered almost a shame, and the most ancient sources tell of short-cut or shaven-headed heroes.
Another confirmation of these facts is numerous ancient illustrations and, for example, bas-reliefs of the old cathedral in Yuryev-Polsky depicting princely warriors with shaved heads and without beards. Moreover, the legends about Dobryn Nikitich said that he had golden curls "in three rows around the crown", in other words, a haircut under the pot.
Among the ancient Russian epic and historical characters there are no descriptions of bearded men or owners of long hair at all. But after the Baptism of Russia, the cultivation of beards and long hair began to gradually enter into practice, after which there were popular proverbs and sayings about how important a beard is for a man.
By the way, the fact that before Peter I almost all men in Russia wore beards is also not quite true. And even for the clergy in the period up to the 15th century inclusively, growing a beard was optional.
In addition, according to anthropological scientists, the East European Slavs, who were the largest in the aforementioned territory, had a weak physiological growth.
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